Popular Articles
Today Week Month Year

Cryptic radio signals reach Earth from dwarf galaxy 3 billion light years away
By Kevin Hughes // Jun 19, 2023

Scientists have discovered mysterious radio signals that have reached Earth from a faraway galaxy.

The radio signals, known as fast radio bursts (FRBs), are unusual beams of energy that last for only a millisecond, yet each pulse brings as much energy as the sun gives off in a century. These signals emerged from the edge of a dwarf galaxy located three billion light years from Earth. (Related: Scientists trace mysterious, short-lived radio bursts to a galaxy located 3.6 billion light years away from Earth.)

Some propose that these flashes could be messages from alien civilizations having technology far more advanced than mankind. Others believe the bursts emanated from extremely dense matter, such as black holes or neutron stars, that collided and subsequently exploded, sending fast radio bursts all across space. Another theory suggests that FRBs are a consequence of remote stars collapsing.

The mysterious FRB, named by scientists as FRB 20190520B, is unique in that it consistently produces signals detectable by telescopes every time it is observed, making it a "repeater" FRB. This reliability makes the burst popular for astronomists and physicists as an ideal target for additional studies.

Fast radio burst emitting magnetic fields

One team has dedicated an immense amount of resources to monitor the burst. This international team is using the Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia and the Parkes Observatory radio telescope in New South Wales, Australia. The team's collective examination was based on observational works covering three continents.

"A total of 113 bursts from FRB 20190520B were detected by the Parkes telescope, exceeding the sum of all fast radio bursts previously discovered at Parkes. This underscores the significance of FRB 20190520B," said Dr. Dai Shi of Western Sydney University, the lead researcher of the international team.

The researchers, through a combined study of data from Parkes and the Green Bank Telescope, found magnetic fields twisted around the FRBs.

Dr. Feng Yi of Zhejiang Laboratory, China, and Anna Thomas of West Virginia University measured the polarization properties of these fields and discovered that the Faraday rotation measure changed its sign twice in striking fashion.

The Faraday rotation measure is a quantity that characterizes the amount of rotation of the plane of polarization of a radio wave as it travels through a magnetized plasma. It is affected by the strength and direction of the magnetic field, as well as the density of the plasma the signal passes through.

When the scientists said the Faraday rotation measure changed its sign twice, they are suggesting that the direction of the magnetic field along the path of the radio burst changed considerably on two occasions.

This could occur if the radio wave goes through regions of space with various magnetic field orientations.

"The RM [rotation measure] can be approximated by the integral product of the magnetic field and electron density. Variation in RM can be caused by either factor, but a sign change must be due to the reversal of magnetic fields, as the electron density cannot become negative," said Dr. Li Di, the corresponding author of the research from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing.

This reversal could be caused by propagation through a turbulent, magnetized screen plasma.

"The turbulent components of the magnetic field around repeating fast radio bursts may be as messy as a ball of wool," said study co-author Yang Yuanpei, a professor at Yunnan University.

This turbulent scenario might happen when the signal goes through the halo of a companion, like a black hole or a large star with winds.

Understanding the breathtaking changes in the magnetized environment encircling the FRB is a significant step toward decoding the origin of these exceptional cosmic explosions.

Follow Space.news for more news about signals coming from outer space.

Watch the video below to know more about the five most mysterious signals Earth has received.

This video is from the InterestingClips channel on Brighteon.com.

More related stories:

Researchers find heart-beat like radio bursts in sun's solar flare.

Astronomers pick up radio signals from planets outside of the solar system for the first time.

Scientists confirm that mysterious radio signals from outer space are not made by humankind.

Mystery from space: Scientists record three new fast radio bursts – could aliens be trying to communicate with us?

Sources include:




Take Action:
Support NewsTarget by linking to this article from your website.
Permalink to this article:
Embed article link:
Reprinting this article:
Non-commercial use is permitted with credit to NewsTarget.com (including a clickable link).
Please contact us for more information.
Free Email Alerts
Get independent news alerts on natural cures, food lab tests, cannabis medicine, science, robotics, drones, privacy and more.

NewsTarget.com © 2022 All Rights Reserved. All content posted on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech. NewsTarget.com is not responsible for content written by contributing authors. The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind. NewsTarget.com assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published on this site. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners.

This site uses cookies
News Target uses cookies to improve your experience on our site. By using this site, you agree to our privacy policy.
Learn More
Get 100% real, uncensored news delivered straight to your inbox
You can unsubscribe at any time. Your email privacy is completely protected.